The island is one of the Leeward Islands in the Lesser Antilles. It is situated about 2,100km (1,300mi) southeast of Miami, Florida. The land area of St. Kitts is about 168km2 (65sqmi), being approximately 29km (18mi) long and on average about 8km (5.0mi) across.
Saint Kitts has a population of around 45,000, the majority of whom are mainly of African descent. The primary language is English, with a literacy rate of approximately 98%. Residents call themselves Kittitians.